Hello - hi Mike. Hi everyone. Welcome to the show. The show is dedicated to reviewing books today approve and I will talk about the book titled the science of Storytelling by Will store. So what do you think about the book apoorva? Okay, so the science of Storytelling, you know literally tells us the science behind storytelling they how do we build a character and how do we just go about making it interesting for people to know to keep them hooked? Okay. So in the beginning we are told that the reality we experience is just a story that our brain tells us like four. Example, sometimes we see a shadow and we imagine it to be something else like a human figure when you're walking alone or something like that. So that's just an image that our brain is you know, making okay. Yeah so story is they give us an opportunity to satisfy each to understand the minds of others. Okay. What do you what do you think about this book? I thought the book was very insightful especially for aspiring authors or even filmmakers. It gives you actionable steps for you to actually develop a story whether it's in the form of a book or a movie but basically a story that'll keep your readers or Watchers your listeners hooked. So I think like the cool message of the book like as you said, we have to develop good characters, and we also have to know how to influence a person's perception of reality. Yeah, so the more flawed character is I think it would be the easier it is for the audience to identify with the character and actually root for the character and this is also why this is also by the character which has a lower status like the underdog in have any story most of the audience revised with our character and roots for him. They support him. They want him to achieve his goal. Yeah, so I think having a flawed character is key. Key, and it's very unique and it's also very important if they have flawed beliefs like they should have this craving or this need need for something in order to fix them or an order to help fix their worldview. But in the story through the plot development, you should actually although they need something they should actually crave something else. So And I think a film is just this really beautifully is the film American Beauty. Yeah. So like the key character, I think they actually made his character flawed enough to actually want something but need something else and this is what actually kept Watchers hooked. Yeah, that's true. And then in the plot development as a plot progresses, you should also have different things that will test the characters beliefs and help us learn more about the character. So if you remember I think in one of I think we had another open drop we had a movie review about Day in the wild. Yes through the dialogue that we actually learnt more about a character's backstory with at the character I'm talking about is Derek so we didn't know much about him in the beginning but through dialogue especially doesn't have to be his dialogue but through Jonathan's dialogue and then later on he admitted that he had he was married to someone and then that person died. We got to learn a lot about his backstory and his traumatic past or why he can't And move on. Yeah. Yeah, and that actually keeps listeners Watchers or readers interested in the story and talking about flaws. They tend to connect with people who have more flaws, right? Yes, like when you talk to someone who is very like who seems to be perfect. You don't connect well with that person when you will come to know that they have a floor, which you We'll have you tend to connect with them exactly because the something in common between both of you, so I think the story should have a character which has flaws and we should make sure that the character is as prone to misunderstanding others as real people are yes, that's very important. Yeah. And speaking of characters flaws. So there's the author actually put it in a very beautiful way when he talks about personality. I mean, this is a common concept even in Psychology, but they say that personality has like five distinct traits. Yeah, and you can remember these traits with the acronym ocean. So o stands for openness to experience C stands for conscientiousness E stands for extraversion is As for agreeableness and n stands for neuroticism. So this five point scale whenever you'd like creating a new character, you can give written like really high in conscientiousness were very low on extraversion and that case he's probably hard-working diligent goal are oriented, but he's probably also shy and reserved he's not an extrovert and if you have a unique character using this five-point personality scale Then the story can sometimes right itself. If you can develop a unique plot just for that one character based on his personality alone because his personality would influence his decisions and that will take the story forward. Yes. That's true. And maybe you can add elements like a lot of metaphors and information gaps that will maybe you know keep the audience hoped and they will be eager to learn more about the character. Yes, I think metaphors as you said that's very important and even imagery because metaphors and imagery actually help leave a more Lasting Impression in the mind of The Listener or the reader. Yeah. That's true. And another thing which makes a good story I think would be a change in status. So as we mentioned earlier we tend to root for the underdog because we want the underdog to achieve like a high status in the story. Yeah. So yeah, so to he achieves that we are hooked with with the in the story and we're actually on the underdog side till he achieves that and once he achieves that then we've received lotion and we can actually put the book down or Stop watching the movie and then it doesn't happen till the end. Yeah, yeah. And what did you think about the author's Viewpoint about stories and them containing propaganda? I think I think the auto, you know put it really well. But what what are your thoughts on it? So, I mean, I think it's true like most stories like right from when we are little to even best setting books like nowadays for an adult audience all of them have propaganda whether this is intentional or unintentional depends on the author, but they all have like some Cool message which is biased it selectively shows you only one part of the story because it wants to further an agenda or wants to just put forward the author's unique perspective like like in the book they mentioned there was this children story about mr. Nosy who was always involved in other people's businesses. And yeah, and because of that he was actually ostracize people didn't want to hang out with him because of how nosy he was and when he Change this aspect of his behavior when he became less involved in other people's businesses. Then he started getting more friends or people wanted to spend more time with him and this actually helps discourage nosiness or being over involved in other people's lives, which is like an important trait to have So this is this is just a children's story something which we've like this. There are many other children's to worries that have important models of things children should learn example not talking to strangers are not playing with fire and and like that films also have propaganda in them. So in the book, I think they mentioned a film called The Birth of a Nation So it was it set in 1915 when like racism was an all-time high in the US and the film basically spread let these really vicious ideas about how the black race actually can threaten the existence of the white race in the US and this actually spread violence throughout the u.s. People were inside a to actually join the KKK Clan. Yeah, which used to impose acts of violence on the red black trees the colored Americans. So I think spring of propaganda through stories is rampant. Yes. So I think with that we've covered all the key points of the book apoorva Thank you so much for coming on to the show. Thank you so much. And thank you everyone for tuning in.